Steve Clean Expertise, Innovation, and Nice Energy Competitors – Class 5 – AI and Machine Studying


This text first appeared in West Level’s Fashionable Struggle Institute.


We simply accomplished the fifth week of our new nationwide safety class at Stanford – Expertise, Innovation and Nice Energy CompetitorsJoe FelterRaj Shah and I designed the category to cowl how expertise will form all the weather of nationwide energy (America’s affect and footprint on the world stage).

In class 1, we realized that nationwide energy is the mixture of a rustic’s diplomacy, data/intelligence, its army capabilities, financial energy, finance, intelligence, and legislation enforcement. This “entire of presidency strategy” is thought by the acronym DIME-FIL.

Class 2 targeted on China, the U.S.’s main  nice energy competitor. China is utilizing all components of nationwide energy: diplomacy (gentle energy, alliances, coercion), data/ intelligence, its army may and financial energy (Belt and Street Initiative) in addition to exploiting Western finance and expertise. China’s objective is to problem and overturn the U.S.-led liberal worldwide order and change it with a neo-totalitarian mannequin.

The third class targeted on Russia, which since 2014 has asserted itself as a competing nice energy. We realized how Russia pursues safety and financial pursuits in parallel with its ideological goals. At occasions, these targets complement one another. At different occasions they conflict, as Russian coverage is run by Vladimir Putin and his political establishments.

The fourth class shifted our focus to the impression business applied sciences have on DIME-FIL. The primary expertise we examined had been semiconductors, the oil of the twenty first century. The U.S. depends on TSMC, positioned in Taiwan, for its most superior logic chips. That is problematic as China claims Taiwan is a province of China.

Immediately’s class: Synthetic Intelligence / Machine Studying

Meet up with the category by studying our intro to the category, and summaries of Lessons 1, 2, 3 and 4


 

Required Readings

Introduction to AI

The AI Arms Race: Truth or Fiction?

China’s AI Technique

Russian AI Technique

US AI Technique

Obama Administration

Trump Administration

Biden Administration

Different AI and Nationwide Safety Assets

Studying Project Questions:

Decide one of many beneath questions and reply in roughly 100 phrases, based mostly on the required readings. Please word that this project might be graded and rely in direction of course participation.

  1. How would you characterize the geopolitical AI Arms Race? Is an “arms race” the correct lens by way of which to know this phenomenon, or is there one other method to higher perceive nice energy competitors within the AI area?
  2. Can the U.S. be taught any classes from China’s AI technique?

Class 5 – Visitor Audio system

Our audio system for our fifth class had been Mike Brown, Nand Mulchandani and Jacqueline Tame.

Mike Brown is the director of the Protection Innovation Unit (DIU) – a Division of Protection group that contracts with business firms to unravel nationwide safety issues. Beforehand Mike was the CEO of Symantec and Quantum.

Nand Mulchandani is the Chief Expertise Officer of the Joint Synthetic Intelligence Heart (JAIC). The JAIC is the focus of the Division of Protection AI technique.

Jacqueline Tame was the previous Performing Deputy Director of the JAIC and the architect of the JAIC “Gamechanger,” an AI-driven Coverage Evaluation Device.

Mike Brown led off the session with an outline of the Protection Innovation Unit (DIU).

If you happen to can’t see Mike Brown’s Protection Innovation Unit presentation click on right here.

Key takeaways from Mike’s discuss had been that 1) 50 years in the past defense-related R&D made up 36% of world R&D. Immediately, defense-related R&D is 4%. Key applied sciences wanted by protection at present are made by business firms (5G, AI, biotech, quantum, entry to area, batteries, and so on.) 2) The highest tech firms (Fb, Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon, and Apple) outspend U.S. prime contractors 11 to 1 in R&D ($70.5B versus $6.2B.)

DIU’s position is to seek out after which funnel business expertise into the DoD by prototyping, transitioning, and scaling options. They’ve (by DoD requirements) a particularly quick pipeline from downside curation, to evaluating and choosing firms, then prototyping tasks and inserting them into DoD applications. AI/MLis among the six core areas DIU focuses on (together with area, autonomy, superior vitality and supplies, cyber and human programs.) DIU AI/ML has three traces of effort: machine Studying predictions, large information evaluation, enhanced choice making.

Nand Mulchandani described the position and the initiatives of the JAIC. One particularly, Gamechanger, was conceived and run by Jacqueline Tame.

Gamechanger makes use of AI to deal with an issue solely a authorities might create. The DoD and federal rules have 10’s of hundreds of insurance policies, legal guidelines, rules that inform decision-makers what they will or can not do. These exist elsewhere on completely different networks and alter nearly day by day. Now you could possibly merely kind a pure language question that asks, “Do I’ve the authority do x?” Or, “How should buy this merchandise rapidly?” and so on.

Lecture 5

If you happen to can’t see the slides, click on right here

Our first dialogue at school (Slide 7) was whether or not Nicholas Chaillan’s (the primary Air Power Chief Software program Officer) declare that we’ve got already misplaced the AI battle to China was right.

Slides 9-14 kicked off the dialogue of the geopolitical implications of AI. Given each China and Russia have made a AI a nationwide effort, how will AI impression all points of DIME (Diplomatic, Intelligence, Army, and Financial) and nationwide energy? What are the impacts of AI created deep fakes? AI automating picture recognition of satellite tv for pc information? AI creating optimum ideas of operations? AI-tuned cyber-attacks? AI cyber safety? AI sensible/predicative upkeep? and so on.  The place will we first see its impacts? What’s going to our response be?

Class Dialogue Questions: (Slide 15)

  • How would you characterize the strengths and weaknesses of the U.S.’s AI Technique?
  • How would you advise the Biden Administration to pursue an AI Technique?

Subsequent week: Autonomy

Classes Realized

  • AI and machine studying is a important expertise that can impression all points of DIME (Diplomatic, Intelligence, Army, and Financial) and nationwide energy
  • Many of the superior work in AI/ML is occurring in business firms and universities not the DoD
    • China and Russia have made AI and machine studying nationwide priorities
  • The Protection Innovation Unit (DIU) exists to seek out after which funnel business expertise like AI/ML into the DoD
  • The Joint Synthetic Intelligence Heart (JAIC) is the focus of the Division of Protection AI technique



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